PHYSICS: SECOND SEMESTER SYLLABUS

TEXTBOOK:     PHYSICS

Raymond Serway and Jerry Faughn

Holt, 2002

 

1. THE SCIENCE OF PHYSICS

1.1 What is Physics?

- Define Physics and explain its role and scope

 

1.3 The Language of Physics

 

- Math Review: algebra, trigonometric functions,

  dimensional analysis, factor-label method of unit

  Conversion

 

- Graphing Techniques

 

12. VIBRATIONS AND WAVES

12.1 Simple Harmonic Motion

12.2 Measuring Simple Harmonic Motion

 

- Definitions of vibrations, periodic motion, equilibrium

  position, displacement, amplitude, period and frequency

- Describe the motion of an oscillating spring

- Define simple harmonic motion

- Derive the equation of the period of a simple pendulum

 

12.3  Properties of Waves

 

- Define three terms to describe periodic waves: wave

  speed, wavelength and frequency

- Explain the characteristics of transverse, longitudinal and

  surface waves

 

12.4 Wave Interactions

 

- Describe the behavior of a pulse at a boundary

- Understand how the principle of superposition is applied

  when two pulses meet

- Describe the formation of standing waves

- Apply the principle of superposition to the phenomenon

  of interference

- Calculate the fundamental frequency and the overtones.

- Understand how resonance occurs

 

Major Concepts:

 

Students should understand each of the following in problem applications as well as in conceptual situations:

 

Periodic motion

Frequency

Period

Simple harmonic motion

Sine and cosine curves

Position, velocity, acceleration

Angular frequency

Mass on a spring

Simple pendulum

Conservation of energy applied to oscillating systems

 

 

13. SOUND

 

13.1 Sound Waves

 

- Understand the nature of sound waves

- Find the speed of sound at different temperatures

 

13.3 Harmonics

 

- Describe interference in sound waves.

- Explain the formation of standing waves for open and

  closed pipes

- Determine why beats occur

- Apply the Doppler Effect principle to problems involving

  moving sources or moving listeners

 

Major Concepts:

 

Students should understand each of the following in problem applications as well as in conceptual situations:

 

Waves

Transverse and longitudinal

Wavelength and frequency

Speed of a wave

Sound waves

Speed of sound

Frequency and pitch

The Doppler effect

Superposition and interference

Constructive and destructive

Phase

Standing waves (strings and pipes)

Beats

 

14. LIGHT AND REFLECTION

14.1 Characteristics of Light

- Describe the early concepts of light to the modern

  theories

 

14.2 Flat Mirrors

- Explain the laws of reflection

- Distinguish between diffuse and specular reflection and

  provide examples

- Describe the nature of images formed by flat mirrors

14.3 Curved Mirrors

 

- Explain how concave and convex mirrors form images.

- Locate images using ray diagrams and calculate image

  location and size using equations

- Explain the cause of spherical aberration and describe

  the uses of parabolic mirrors

 

14.4 Color and Polarization

 

- Describe the theory of color, color by reflection and

  transmission, mixing colors and natural phenomena:

  sunlights, sunsets and the color of the sky.

-      Explain how polarization happens

 

 

 

15. REFRACTION

 

15.1  Refraction

 

- Explain Snell's Law

- Calculate the index of refraction in a medium

- Explain total internal reflection

- Define the critical angle

- Understand the construction of fiber optics

 

15.2 Thin Lenses

 

- Distinguish between converging and diverging lenses.

- Describe how real and virtual images are formed by

  lenses.

- Locate the image with a ray diagram

- Calculate the image location and the image height using

  the lens equation and the magnification equation

 

15.3 Optical Phenomena

 

- Understand the basic principles of image formation of 

  cameras, microscopes and telescopes

 

Major Concepts:

 

Students should understand each of the following in problem applications as well as in conceptual situations:

 

Wave fronts and rays

Reflection and mirrors

The law of reflection

Plane mirrors

Spherical mirrors – concave and convex

Ray tracing and the mirror equation

Refraction and lenses

The law of refraction

Total internal reflection

Reflection and polarization

Thin lenses – converging and diverging

Ray tracing and the thin-lens equation

Dispersion and the rainbow

 

PHYSICAL OPTICS: INTERFERENCE

  AND DIFFRACTION

 

Outline:

 

Superposition and Interference

Young's Two-Slit Experiment

Interference in Reflected Waves

Diffraction

Diffraction Gratings

 

Major Concepts:

 

Students should understand each of the following in problem applications as well as in conceptual situations:

 

Superposition

Interference

Young's two-slit experiment

Diffraction

Single-slit diffraction

Diffraction gratings

 

 

10.  HEAT ******

 

10.1 Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium

 

- Explain what is needed to built a thermometer

- Understand the meaning of thermal equilibrium